Bushfires in Australia

Drafting and writing the final for my report was an important part of my research process as it gave me time to compare my findings. I read my first article about bushfires, and I thought that is a good topic because there are many different ideas about the positive and negative effects of bushfires. In Australia, especially in South Australia, bushfires are frequent events during the hotter months of the year, due to Australia’s mostly hot and dry climate.

On one side, some people think that  bushfires affect the environment by causing pollution and by destroying human and natural resources in the environment.

On the other hand, some people think fire generates regrowth and new life. Sometimes, fire encourages the growth of new grassland plants.

So I started to research my topic from these two different perspectives, the positive and the negative consequences of bushfires.

I thought about my topic, and I used 7 key points to helped me organised my ideas. The first one, I thought I have to know about the bushfires and how they start, and then I want to explain some conditions which can effect the frequency of bushfires. In the end of the report, I wanted to compare two different ideas and use what I get. In the report, I wanted to use some data or expert information to make my conclusion.

I read lots of reports and articles to research my topic. I wanted to investigate how smoke caused  forest fires and how the government coped with a combination of fire, dust, and pollution events. I found a report from Australian government website, and my teacher helped me read and understand the report, that gave me some facts and expert’s information to explain my ideas. For example, I know Aboriginal people have used fires for many purposes such as clearing grasslands for hunting and tracks through dense bush. I wanted to use some examples to explain why some people think bushfires have negative impacts, so I find some famous events  in history, like Ash Wednesday and Black Saturday.

Actually, I had some questions about biological, so my teacher helped me book an interview with another teacher. To prepare for the interview, I wrote three questions and during the interview, I used my phone to recording the answers. The teacher told me a lot about how smoke caused by forest fires results in the government coping with a combination of fire dust, and pollution events, he also told me different types of bushfires will have different effects animals.

Before writing my final report it was important to make a plan to help me organise all my ideas in a logical sequence.  I used some key points to show my ideas in each paragraph, I planned what I am going to write and how many words for each paragraph. I considered and checked that I had got my key ideas and  I used my plan to organised some technical words what I will use and how to explain these words in my report. The plan helped me to think about my sources, which are the really useful ones and which ones just help me to understand the topic. I think I will make a plan for every report because that also helped me to make a flow of ideas in my paragraphs. I had lots of ideas for my topic in the beginning, I know how to put some ideas together after I did the plan. I will do better when I have a clearer mind and calm head to think and write my report.

Australia is an arid continent that has a unique ecosystem and organisms, and bushfires are an important event that affects Australia’s ecosystems. Bushfires can devastate various ecosystems and they also have lots of positive effects. They can clear out old growth and decompose organic matter into minerals so that new plants can grow. However, too many fires are bad for the environment and degrade the soil. They also put wildlife, plants, housing and people at risk. The main difference between the two effects is  rather whether the bushfire is cool or hot.  If bushfires can be managed, they may benefit people.

Why a plan is important

Before I stared to write my report, I made a plan, this is important to help me finish my report. The first reason is a good plan can help me organise all ideas in a logical sequence.

I used some key points to show my ideas in each paragraph. About my report, I will use 5 body paragraphs to explain my topic, so I planned what I am going to write and how many words for each paragraph.

I considered and checked that I had got my key ideas and that I have used technical words. I used my plan to organised some technical words what I will used and how to explain these words in my report. The plan helped me to think about my sources, which are the really useful ones and which ones  just help me to understand the topic.

The plan also helped me make a flow of ideas in my paragraphs. I have lots of ideas for my topic. I know how to put some ideas together after I did the plan. I got 5 titles for my 5 body paragraphs, so I know how to organise my sources and references. Now I have a clearer mind and calm head to think and write my report.

Fire- both good and bad for the Australian Bush

Traditional indigenous fires

Good points about bushfires:

  • Aboriginal people use fire to help manage their environment.
  • This traditional burning has helped prevent extreme bushfire events.

How were these fires different to modern bush fires?

  • They were low-intensity fires called ‘cool fires’
  • These fires happened every season and so kept fuel levels low and this prevented high intensity fires.
  • Because these fires were low intensity they did not destroy the animals.
  • This controlled burning assisted growth of Australian plants
  • New growth after the fire provides food for animals

Modern Bush Fires

Negative effects of too many fires

  • seeds cannot germinate and plants cannot replace themselves
  • the thin soil can be destroyed and washed away in storms after the fire
  • The fire destroys nutrients and the soil blows away in dust
  • animals can lose their food and habitat
  • If the fire is hot all animals suffer

Hot fires

These fires are different to the ‘cool fires’ that occur with Aboriginal controlled fires. Hot fires burn much hotter, higher and faster than Aboriginal managed bush fires and so cause much more damage.

  • animals cannot escape
  • nothing survives
  • the hot air explodes

Conclusion

Cool fires from managed burning are good for the environment but hot fires cause terrible damage to the environment and people.

REFERENCE

Fire both good and bad for the Australian bush.

 

How to organise my topic?

For my topic, I started from 7 key points. That help me to organises my ideas, and I will use that to help me refine my topic. Firstly, I think I have to know about what are bushfires and how they start. There are many different ideas about the bushfires, I will think about these ideas, and then I can do the analysis of advantage and disadvantage.

Most people think bushfires are bad, because some important examples show them they have serious negative impact. So, what is the real positive and negative impact is the most important part of my topic. I know about how the bushfire start before, so I will explain some conditions which effect the frequency of bushfires. In the end, I want to compare the two different ideas and use what I get, and I will use some data or expert’s information to make my conclusion.
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About my topic- Australian Bushfires

When I read my first article about bushfires, I thought that this is a good topic to research because there are many different ideas about bushfires. In Australia, especially in South Australia bushfires are frequent events during the hotter months of the year, due to Australia’s mostly hot and dry climate.

Many people think that these bushfires affect the environment by causing  pollution and by destroying human and natural resources in the environment.

It is interesting that Aboriginal people have used fire for many purposes such as clearing grasslands for hunting and tracks through dense bush.

My report will look at bushfires from two different perspectives: the positive and the negative consequences of bushfires.

I will investigate how smoke caused by forest fires results in the  government coping with a combination of fire, dust, and pollution events. This affects the air quality, and that is very costly. On the other shand, fire generates regrowth and new life. In some eucalypt species, for example, fire is an essential part of the life cycle. Sometimes, fire encourages the growth of new grassland plants.
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Women’s right

Women can contribute a lot in developing the society instead of staying at home. In the 1940s, women had to stay at home to look after their families and did not have any chance to work and live respectively as men. Even when Word War II started, women had chances to work, but they were still treated unequally compared with men.

In opposite, women can help a lot in developing the society and economy. Ruby Payne-Scott is an early advocate fighting for women’s rights, as she tried to get the equal pay for women in the jobs. She also gave females an important idea that women have to achieve property rights and control over their reproductive lives.

Apart from Ruby Payne-Scott, Dame Stephanie Shirley has achieved the significant success in providing the platform for women to give their working skills. As a result, both pieces of evidence show that women have the abilities to take over the jobs from men and should be equally treated.


womenunite

 

Intercultural understanding

This is my video about how I used technology to help me to research my topic. The topic is about Norway, so I used technology to help me connect with Norway. It explains how I learnt about another culture using the Internet Skype and blogs. The video is about how I prepared the interview and what I got from the interview and then How I used this information to help me finish the report.

Gift giving in Norway

Gift giving in Norwayimgres

Introduction

Norway is a country located along the same latitude as Siberia, Greenland and Alaska. This beautiful country has special culture, that is different to Australian and Chinese culture in music, food, language and living habits. This report discusses gift giving in Norway and it will compare with other countries’ culture. The information in this report is from some websites and an interview with students who are from Norway.

 

Gift giving is an important part in a country, because it can show the culture of the country. There are some differences between Norway and other countries. Gift giving is a very important part of Chinese culture and gifts are given all the time with unspoken expectations of reciprocity. Despite this, it is also expected that you should try to refuse the gift before accepting it. In Norway, gift giving is commonplace. Norwegians like taking every holidays as an opportunity for generous gift giving. Dinner parties are a popular way and a house plant is also popular in the winter months (Mylittlenorway.com, 2010). People are extremely family oriented, and every important holiday is spent at home with their families or friends. Also, the gift giving of old Norwegians is a little bit different to young Norwegian, but the traditional gift is always flowers. If invited to a Norwegian’s home for a dinner party, bring flowers, chocolates, pastries, wine or imported spirits to the hostess. (Interview, 2015)

 

Furthermore, there are some special things about flowers in Norway. Norwegians send flowers on the morning of a dinner party, so they may be displayed that evening. They do not give carnations, lilies or white flowers as they are used at funerals (Interview, 2015). The important thing is that they do not give wreaths, even at Christmas. That is different to Chinese and Australian culture (Kmintessential.co.uk, 2015). Similar to Australia, gifts are open when received, but in China, that is disrespectful to the people who gave the gift.

 

According to old Norwegian Gulating law, it was stated that a gift should be valued with an equal gift in return (Giftypedia.com, 2015). In today’s modern society, the law no longer determines the etiquette of gift giving, but there are certain protocols that are typically observed when giving gifts in Norway. Compared to Australian and Chinese people, Norwegians are not big gift-gives, however, they like giving gifts to foreigners as they like sharing their culture. If people want to give gifts to Norwegians, traditional gift is a good choose, and aquavit, the Norwegian made alcoholic drink is also a popular gift (Interview, 2015).

 

Conclusion

In summary, the culture between Norway, Australia and China isdifferent. The life style will affect the model of gift giving. In Norway, besides every important holidays, people like giving gift at dinner parties. They like giving flowers, alcoholic drinks or some novel gifts which are made by other countries. They like knowing different cultures, and also, they like sharing their culture. In conclusion, there are some similarities with other cultures, especially giving flowers. For Norwegians, gift giving is about being friendly, concerned and respectful.

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References

Giftypedia.com, (2015). Norway Gift Giving Customs – Giftypedia. [online] Available at: http://www.giftypedia.com/Norway_Gift_Giving_Customs [Accessed 2 Nov. 2015].

 

Kwintessential.co.uk, (2015). Norway – Norwegian Culture and Etiquette | global-etiquette | resources. [online] Available at: http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/norway-country-profile.html [Accessed 2 Nov. 2015].

 

Mylittlenorway.com, (2010). What to Give a Norwegian for Christmas – My Little Norway. [online] Available at: http://mylittlenorway.com/2010/12/what-to-give-a-norwegian-for-christmas/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2015].

 

 

Norwegian culture

About my research on Norway, I found some information about Norway on websites. Some of website are travel guides, and some of website are Norwegian government websites. To curate this information, I created a Pinterest board and made a mindmap to summarized this information.

 

Norway is a country and it located along the same latitude as Siberia, Greenland and Alaska, so it might be expected to be a land of continual cold weather. There are distinct zones in Norway, and the weather can change rapidly depending on the time of year and the region of the country being visited.

A large number of languages spoken in Norway is Norwegian and the main official language of the country is Norwegian.

The history of Norway has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of region. About 1000BC, following the retreat of the great inland ice sheets, the earliest inhabitants migrated North into the territory which in now Norway.

I am interested in the religion of Norway. In Norway, there are different religions, like Christianity, Buddhism, Islam and other religion. Also, many people believe in Christianity.

 

 

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Intercultural and understanding

In ESL my class is finding out about another culture. To do this we are blogging and skyping with students in Norway. This project is about intercultural understanding let me tell you about my first experience of Australian culture.

 

In my opinion, there are some differences between Australian and Chinese culture. In China, gift giving is a very important part of Chinese culture and gifts are given all the time with unspoken expectations of reciprocity. Despite this, it’s also expected that you try to refuse the gift before accepting it. In Australia, gift giving just is a way to show your love or friendliness. In China, the giving and receiving of business cards is very frequent and there are some complex protocols. The most important thing is to accept the card with two hands, because that is about respect others. In Australia, if you have business relationship with the people, you can give a business card but it is just for business worker.

 

Now, I want to find out about Norway as I am really interested in different cultures. I look forward to collaborating with Norway.

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